Change language : EN | DE | FR

Members Area

Plasticisers and flexible pvc Information centre

Toys

The use of phthalates in toys and childcare items has been restricted in the European Union since December 1999. After January 2007, further restrictions on the use of phthalate plasticisers in toys came into effect throughout the EU.

Restrictions

Current legislation limits the use of high phthalates only to children’s articles which can be placed in the mouth. This restriction applies to di-isononyl phthalate (DINP), di-isodecyl phthalate (DIDP) and di-n-octyl phthalate (DNOP).

On the other hand, low phthalates plasticisers are no longer allowed, not only in items that can be placed in the mouth but on any kind of toys and childcare articles. The list includes di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP - sometimes also referred to a DOP), di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) and butylbenzyl phthalate (BBP).

Official text

Di-isononyl phthalate (DINP: CAS No 28553-12-0 and 68515-48-0 / Einecs No 249-079-5 and 271-090-9), di-isodecyl phthalate (DIDP: CAS No 26761-40-0 and 68515-49-1 / Einecs No 247-977-1 and 271-091-4), and di-n-octyl phthalate (DNOP: CAS No 117-84-0 / Einecs No 204-214-7) shall not be used as substances or as constituents of preparations, at concentrations of greater than 0,1 % by mass of the plasticised material, in toys and childcare articles which can be placed in the mouth by children. Such toys and childcare articles containing these phthalates in a concentration greater than the limit mentioned above shall not be placed on the market.

Di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP: CAS No 117-81-7 / Einecs No 204-211-0), di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP: CAS No 84-74-2 / Einecs No 201-557-4) and butylbenzyl phthalate (BBP: CAS No 85-68-7 / Einecs No 201-622-7) shall not be used as substances or as constituents of preparations, at concentrations of greater than 0,1 % by mass of the plasticised material, in toys and childcare articles. Such toys and childcare articles containing these phthalates in a concentration greater than the limit mentioned above shall not be placed on the market.

The Complete text of Directive 2005/84/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 December 2005 amending for the 22nd time Council Directive 76/769/EEC on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to restrictions on the marketing and use of certain dangerous substances and preparations (phthalates in toys and childcare articles) is available in all official EU languages.

A childcare article is defined as “any product intended to facilitate sleep, relaxation, hygiene, the feeding of children or sucking on the part of children”. The European Commission has produced a guidance document on the interpretation of the concept "which can be placed in the mouth."

Other relevant documents:

Some images reproduced with the kind permission of European Council of Vinyl Manufacturers